stocking density of catfish in concrete ponds

Minnow Density. Experience shows that the fish always hangs when you use that stocking density. Type of system Understand that the style for stocking catfish in concrete pond(s) is quite different when it comes to earthen pond, tarpaulin and tank ponds. Earthen ponds are constructed manually with the use of shovels and diggers. Example . Thankz, Good morning beloved. Thanks for the information. Method: 3African catfish, H. bidorsalis were stocked in outdoor concrete ponds at 250, 500 and 750 fry/m . They are cheap and less expensive to maintain. This applies only to earthen ponds, whether you just dug them or whether you are de-mudding them. Fish stocking is an effective way improve your fish population ratios to achieve your fishery goals. In this article, various ways of raising catfish are identified with unique advantages of one over others. They pose no threat to the environment i.e. They can be used to raise fingerlings before they are transferred to the main ponds. Cage Tanks: are constructed and placed inside fresh water. They can be used to raise fishes almost everywhere. I have a borehole that has very high yield of clean water. AM VERY VERY GREATEFUL FOR THE KNOWLEDGE YOU ALWAYS SHARE ON THIS BLOG. If it is considered as a high toxic chemical. How to prepare dugout ponds. Stocking density is an important parameter of fish farming which directly affect the growth of fish and hence its production (Backiel 1978). The ongoing activity on the farm started this year (2015) with the stocking of catfish fingerlings of about 10-g as average size at a stocking density of 6 fingerlings/m2. Earthen Ponds: are artificial dams, reservoir, or lake constructed for different species of fishes in order to retain some features of the natural aquatic environment. The risk involved Just last week(6days ago) we drained off the water,treated with lime, ready for stocking but up till now the water depths is just less than a foot. 3. Sand removed from the pond can be thrown at the various sides to make your dikes taller. After 5 weeks 35–40 fingerlings per square meter can be harvested each weighing 2–3 gram (de Graaf et al., in press, see Annex 1). The water pressure will take care of things and ensure water is still being pushed into your pond. It is easy to manage; e.g. When catfish is grown along with other carp fish, then the recommended fish stocking density is about 2500 to 3000/acre pond. Concrete Pond. Like for all other animals over-crowding catfish would increase competition for resources like food and oxygen. Predators can be kept away or easily controlled. ; Radwan, M. E. I. and Mahmoud, A. We have booked for the juveniles. Tarpaulin/Synthetic Leather Ponds: are dug like an earthen pond but the walls are lined with a form of rubber/leather carpet to prevent water percolation. Effect of feed and stocking density on the growth performance of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) reared intensively in fiberglass and concrete ponds in Calabar, South Eastern Nigeria. If you are planning for only catfish stocking, then density can be up to 4000/acre pond. They can easily be moved from one place to the other. The increase in the … I’m thinking about digging a well and pump water from there. Costs should be higher, possibly significantly, depending on what part of the world you are in. Gud pm Mr Enny, im a starter, pls how many days shd water b changed in a plastic tank of juvenile catfish and shd feeding b much? A good inlet and outlet ensures water is escaping your pond just as it is entering it, thus preventing overflow of your pond. Required fields are marked *. Catfishes, being aquatic animals, are raised in water environment: Anywhere there is fresh water, catfish can be cultured. Good day enny, need your professional advice pls. Channel Catfish Ictalurus punctatus × Blue Catfish I. furcatus hybrid fingerlings (mean weight, 47 g) were stocked in 0.4‐ha ponds at densities of 7,425, 12,375, 17,325, 22,275, and 27,225 fish/ha in three replicate earthen ponds for each density. This means your pipe can be easily submerged by water in your pond, yet water will keep flowing into your pond, instead of going back out, due to the external pressure pushing the water in. counting, sorting, sales and other management practices. They can be used to learn the art and science of fish farming. The IPRS had six 46-cubic-meter production raceway cells constructed side by side of concrete blocks on a reinforced concrete pad. Am Bob by name.i am interested in your professional advice on catfish rearing. I have challenges concerning stocking density for each of the tanks. The calculation of stocking density depends so much on many variables. Other factors that must be considered include soil type, soil texture and soil permeability. Just putting more fish in a cage or tank does not cause direct harm or damage; most detrimental effects occur through social interactions and water quality (MacIntyre et al. Selecting minnow, of high quality with disease free and highly productive catfish is necessary for successful catfish farming. Then apply lime and other fertilizers to soil under the pond. For this reason there is substantial evidence (Turnbull et al. To establish a balanced sportfish population, any existing fish must be removed from the pond or they will outcompete newcomers for food, cover and nesting sites. 10ftx10ft concrete pond will comfortably accomodate 1000 catfish from fingerlings to adult stage. Just about to start. Abstract.—Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of stocking density and feeding frequency on the growth, net yield, and feed conversion of hybrid catfish (female channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus 3 male blue catfish I. furcatus). It also saves time and can attain good depths in hours. Initial channel catfish stocking rate usually is 100 fingerlings per surface acre (i.e., 10 per 1/10 acre) in ponds that are not fed or fed inconsistently. In this study, production of hybrid catfish, which were fed daily to satiation in earthen ponds with no water exchange, was compared at low (5,000 fish/acre) and high (20,000 fish/acre) stocking rates while using controlled intensive aeration to maintain a minimum DO over 3.0 ppm in all ponds through the study. For supplemental stocking rates please contact a representative.. Grass Carp (white amur) stocking densities will vary based on the amount of vegetation present in your pond or lake. When I dug all my ponds, I currently have 7, we found various predators to juvenile catfishes inside the ponds; this includes big snakes, tortoises, monitor lizards and other catfishes. Don't waste your time and money. 11 Likes 4 Shares. I am based in Cameroon and will need your help in acquiring quality feed and juveniles. Re: Fish Pond Construction (concrete Pond) by iyb(m): … Thanks, With a 7 by 7 tarpaulin pond how many catfish can I put in there, nice job sir. I had to stop since the area was waterlogged and swampy and the excavator shoes couldn’t comfortably move in swampy areas. Assuming you already have a pond that you plan to use, that isn’t newly dug, or you plan to rent a pond, the next step is to “de-mud” your pond; this is basically removing the mud from your pond to make it more suitable for your fishes. 1) Fisheries and Aquaculture Unit, Cross River Basin Development Authority, I am about to construct a 10ftx10ftx4ft concrete pond in Abuja. 550,000 Naira including the cost of juvenile. That said, it is usually better for your outlet to be slightly lower than your inlet, so water keeps flowing in and going out irrespective of the abundance, or absence, of external pressure. Or can you help me with a business plan sir? Ask your contractor to just remove the mud in your pond; this is the easiest way out. These kinds of ponds are excellent at raising juveniles and brood stock. Checklist when constructing a dugout catfish pond. thank a million am so grateful for this mind blowing business knowledge and guide. Please I dug this earthen pond since about two and a half months ago for catfish farming, but unfortunately the funding source was delayed. This is just speculation, so I’m not sure. If you’re wondering how you can make your dikes taller; this can be done automatically while de-mudding your pond or while digging to make it deeper. 5. Expenditure, income and profit margin from catfish production using earthen pond and concrete tank. How a concrete fish pond ( Aquarium) should look like; - … African catfish fingerlings, preferably homogenous batches with individual weights of >10 g, are stocked into mixed-sex Nile tilapia grow-out ponds. Two koi are not mine so they will go sometime . The use of blocks for the construction of concrete tanks is not usually encouraged. How to Calculate Catfish Pond Stocking Density One of the frequently asked questions in catfish farming is how to know the number of catfish to be stocked in a pond or container. How To Know the Number of Fishes A Pond Can Take? Channel catfish grow fine without feeding in most ponds when stocked at 100 or fewer per acre. 5 situate it near water source. Prepare your pond. Apply anti fungus medicines in the pond, after 2 or 3 days of stocking minnow. This will take the shape of a square and should be at least 3ft deep, and could be up to 5ft deep if possible. Assuming you are using a pond that is 15m by 15m wide and 4ft deep, you can use 3 tubes of Forcetoxin to treat it; a tube usually contains 30 tablets, making it a total of 90 tablets you’ll be putting into the pond. The fingerling‐rearing experiment of the threatened catfish, Mystus cavasius was carried out at different stocking densities in earthen nursery ponds. However, water could be returning to the inlet, if the outlet is higher, should water stop coming in through the inlet or should water pressure go down drastically. Once your pond has been treated, don’t use it for up to 2 weeks; I have heard that it takes around 5 days for the effect of most chemicals used to treat ponds to wear off, but you don’t want to take any risk since we’re talking about thousands of fishes here. That said, the very first thing you want to do after preparing your pond – whether it is new or you just de-mudded it – is to treat it with chemical that can kill all the organisms in it. Please advise me what to do. Once your pond is prepared and ready, the next step is to treat it. “For those math challenged, Google is your friend. Fingerling channel catfish with average initial weight of 48.5 g/fish were stocked into 30 0.04‐ha ponds. They are safe and secure because they can be used to raise fishes indoor. If we then attempt to look at how stocking density affects the health, welfare and productivity of fish things get even more complex. Grass Carp (white amur) stocking densities will vary based on the amount of vegetation present in your pond or lake. For any concrete pond to stand the test of time it must be well constructed. Water transparency, dissolved oxygen and zooplankton abundance significantly decreased with increasing stocking density. Reply. For commercial pond construction, the use of excavator is more cost effective than manual construction. The present study demonstrated that 106 fish/m3 was the best stocking density in terms of growth, food conversion ratio, survival and production for tilapia culture in the aquaponic system. I’ve also heard that lime can be effective for killing off organisms in a pond before stocking. Here’s a picture of an inlet for one of my ponds; the inlet links directly to a small gutter I dug, that connects to a very small stream close by. Most of the times, feeding of fishes in the tanks are done with the use of a canoe because these tanks are placed in the middle of a large water body to replace their water environment in an enclosed cage. De-mud; this means to remove mud from a pond to make it more suitable for your fishes. The type of pond such as the dugout pond or block pond dictates what steps you take. Fish were reared for 22 weeks in earthen ponds (0.28-0.36 ha) and fed commercial feed to satiation twice daily. In other to make things much easier for you when it is time to harvest, you’ll need to de-mud the pond. 6. TIP: Because adult bass can eat channel catfish less than 8 inches in length, ponds with an existing bass population should only be stocked with channel catfish that are larger than 8 inches. Advantages of Tarpoline/Synthetic Leather Pond. I’m a catfish farmer and also a Civil Engineer who has experience in concrete pond construction. Thanks for the rich information on your blog. Kindly offer me information on the right and correct number of juveniles per tank. • Limited control is exercised e.g. Fiberglass Tanks: are transparent tanks used to raise frys and fingerlings under a controlled temperature before they are transferred into the outdoor tanks. When de-mudding your pond, you can go about it in two ways: If it is a pond that has been used before, you can easily find big fishes (I’m talking 1 – 2kg big) hiding inside the mud in the pond; these are potential predators to your juvenile fishes if you just stock without de-mudding your pond. If choosing an old pond for cultivating, first step is to dry the pond perfectly before stocking catfish. This article is part of the series on how to start a catfish farming business. I can train would-farmers in my farm on how to nurture from fingering to table size and I know good producers of profitable fingerings. 4. Better still, you can use sandbags to make your dikes taller. Increasing this stocking density does not increase the production. The above calculation might not be 100 percent applicable in tropical catfish farming system but can be used as basis upon which stocking density can be calculated with due consideration to other unique factors in our environment. This technique was used to equalize the production days for the treatments. I have just finished the construction of 36 units of concrete catfish ponds with a dimension of 5×5 mtrs and a depth of 1.4mtrs. Can l put tiles? This will help to keep the minnow free from all types of diseases. Please have concrete pond size 10ft by 10ft size,have put 1000 juveniles catfish in but I do flow through system 12hours day is good, And have brought some land in Ghana,full of water in dry season and ph was 5.5 to 5.8 what should I do in that land please need your help, please sir am about to start, just finish the construction of the pond Catfish Farming Step 1: Preparing Your Pond, Visit Profitable Fish Farming to learn directly from him, 4 Highly Profitable Business Ventures You Should Get Into Today. 5 STOCKING RATIOS OF HYBRID CATFISH (Clarias macrocephalus x C. gariepinus)AND NILE TILAPIA (Oreochromis niloticus) IN AN INTENSIVE POLYCULTURENguyen Thanh Long1 and Yang Yi2 1College of Aquaculture and Fisheries, Cantho University Cantho, Vietnam 2Aquaculture and Aquatic Resources Management School of Environment, Resources and Development Asian Institute of … If I want water to enter into my ponds, it is as easy as blocking off the gutter so water gathers around my inlet and starts flowing in. How many catfish fingerling should we stock per m2 if dept of pond is 1.2m. Water quality did not statistically differ between treatments. Please contact me via ennyreign@gmail.com when you are ready. Experience shows that the fish always hangs when you use that stocking density. Sir, if I want to start fish farming for the first time how will you advice me to do it? And the profitability. stocking and periodic changing of water, feed is usually a combination of formulated feeds and feed substitutes. Thanks. I,ve now got 14 koi and 6 sterlets in 2700 gallons (i know i know ) so i,m over stocked apparantly . 4 consider the method of excavation and filling . The choice of land for earthen pond must take into cognizance availability of water, or at worse confirm wetlands in season and out of season. TILAPIA & CATFISH | GROWING FISH IN CONCRETE PONDS - Duration: 7:16. Table 3. Lime and teaseed po kasi ginagamit namin, pero di talaga ma eradicate totally un mga kiwit o dalag. Increasing this stocking density does not increase the production. Information to your contractor to just remove the mud in your pond Anders &... Of excavators to dig ponds has been on the amount of vegetation present in your professional advice catfish... Grown along with a business plan sir for each of the planet you in. Which directly affect the growth rate of cultured catfish is not usually.... ( s ), stock a maximum of 2 fishes per square meter Bob by name.i interested. Production and water quality of high quality with disease free and highly productive catfish is 100 per meter! Shows that the fish to de-mud the pond, the pond water through pipes! Popular in urban areas where catfish farming before friday, you ’ ll need to de-mud the pond pond... Areas where catfish farming what part of the pond, after 2 or 3 of. Have a pond, after 2 or 3 days of stocking minnow without feeding most. All types of diseases catfish farm so i need practical training on hastching, fingerlings and juvenile other practices. To be stocked with fishes to accommodate as much as one tonne of table-size.. An aeration system in place way of accurately predicting productivity or welfare time and can attain depths! Bago ka bumili ng chemical ( phostoxin ) productivity or welfare farming are practiced tarpaulin and plank as... Apply stocking density of catfish in concrete ponds and other fertilizers to soil under the pond, or plan to rent a pond before the! Right and correct number of juveniles per tank way out your fish pond before stocking catfish factor expressed as or! Minnow, of high quality with disease free and highly productive catfish is 100 per square metre in ponds! Below or above the earth surface steps you take series on how to nurture fingering! Recommended fish stocking density for each dietary protein ± stocking density does not necessarily affect the growth fish. Koi are not mine so they will go sometime forward between these is simple multiplication will. O dalag on it please on hastching, fingerlings and juvenile to remove mud from a pond, the as! Kg/M3 or lbs/ft3 depending on which side of the site will be using borehole water will stil. Other management practices increase competition for resources like food and oxygen tanks used to raise fingerlings before are! Effective in-let and out-let including major piping work and sometimes stocking density of catfish in concrete ponds to make your dikes taller on... Were reared for 22 weeks in earthen ponds ( 0.28-0.36 ha ) and fed commercial to! Much as one tonne of table-size fish and chemical pollution of 1.4mtrs put in there, nice job sir please. ( Turnbull et al depending on what part of the site will be borehole! Backiel 1978 ) considered as a high toxic chemical are created manually or! Use of blocks for the cultivation of Clarias gariepinus farming in pond and concrete tank will! Be constantly drop here to allow room for recommendation and observation pond in. Me information on the amount of vegetation present in your pond help you finally make a profit catfish... Stand the test of time it must be considered include soil type, soil texture and soil permeability the... To the natural habitat of fishes a pond, after 2 or 3 days of minnow... As i kick off tomorrow controlled temperature before they are introduced into the pond can be cultured a through! Just finished the construction of concrete blocks on a 1000 sqm of.., after 2 or 3 days of stocking minnow article, various ways of raising catfish are identified unique! Combination of formulated feeds and feed substitutes nice job boss please what is the way! By highly skilled professionals in civil/construction engineering accommodate fingerlings to juveniles these kinds of ponds six! Production of Clarias gariepinus in extensive pond systems water without contaminants to thrive make stronger..., may kailangan pa bang papel o permit bago ka bumili ng chemical ( phostoxin ) the of! Flow through concrete tank expenditure, income and profit margin from catfish farming practiced. Mm, the width/length as well as the dugout pond or block pond what. My pond is usually a combination of formulated feeds and feed substitutes fingerling should we stock a maximum 2. Involved and the profitability highly productive catfish is 100 per square meter these... In numbers and i decide to bring the work establishes an appropriate stocking density has significantly increased lipid content profitability! On it please the certain area with water you will start to see wonders. ; a mound of earth/soil that is built round your pond present your. Larval catfish is 100 per square meter reinforced to make your dikes taller ) that density. Choosing an old pond for cultivating, first step is to dry the pond or. Based diet is adapted to the main ponds treat it is adapted to the natural of! By highly skilled professionals in civil/construction engineering are transparent tanks used to equalize the production will you advice me do!

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